how to install raspbian
In this guide, I will take you through the steps on how to install Raspbian for the Raspberry Pi. It’s a straightforward process and is perfect for anyone looking to install a clean version of the operating system.

This method differs to the NOOBs installation guide so if you’re more interested in using an installer that allows you to install multiple operating systems and more then be sure to check out my guide on how to install NOOBS.
 


If you stumbled on this page and have no idea what Raspbian is then here is a brief explanation.

Raspbian is an operating system that is based on Debian but unlike Debian it has been optimised for the Pi. It’s considered the default and likely the most popular operating system for the Raspberry Pi.

It contains everything you would expect an OS to contain such as basic utilities and support for most peripherals. There are two different versions of Raspbian that I will go into more detail below.

Equipment:

You will need all the standard pieces of equipment when it comes to using a Raspberry Pi.

Recommended:

Raspberry Pi

Micro SD Card or an SD card if you’re using an old version of the Pi.

Ethernet Cord or Wifi dongle

Micro SD Card Reader

A Linux, Mac, or Windows PC

Optional:

Raspberry Pi Case

USB Keyboard

USB Mouse

The Steps on How to Install Raspbian

The process of installing Raspbian is super easy and won’t take you long to get it up and going. There are two different flavours of Raspbian you can install which I will briefly just mention below.

Raspbian: This is the full version of the operating system and is the version that most people will use. It comes preinstalled with a large range of apps and is very easy to get going with. It also comes with the desktop software preinstalled.

Raspbian Lite: This is the light version of the Raspbian operating system and contains the bare basics to get going. If you know exactly what you want to do, then this may be the better version to install.

Raspbian Lite doesn’t have the desktop software preinstalled so you will only be able to use the command line. This is ideal if you’re trying to save on system resources and know you will unlikely need the desktop graphical user interface (GUI). This makes it great if you want a headless server. (eg. Connecting the Pi to a screen will just give you the terminal).

  1. First download the version of Raspbian you wish to install, you can find both the direct download links and torrents here.
  2. Once downloaded, unzip the zip file so you’re left with just a .img file. If you’re having trouble unzipping the file you may need to install something like 7zip.
  3. Now you will need to download & install the software that will write the image to the SD card. A good one to use is called etcher, it works on all platforms (Linux, Mac and Windows). You’re able to download it from over at their website here.
  4. Once you have downloaded etcher follow the prompts to install it.
  5. Open Etcher and select the chosen Raspbian image.
    etcher select image
  6. Select the SD card that you wish to install Raspbian on. Double check to make sure it’s the correct drive as this will wipe it clean.
    etcher choose sd card
  7. Once you have confirmed the image and the drive you can then proceed to flashing the SD card, select Flash.
    etcher flashing sd card
  8. Once it’s finished you can safely remove the SD card from the computer.
  9. Insert into your Raspberry Pi and any other extra cords such as power, mouse, keyboard, and the display cord.

Basic Raspbian Setup

Depending on which version of Raspbian you installed there is very little setup you will need to do to be able to get going. It’s important that when you learn how to install Raspbian that you also learn how to configure it correctly. Below are a few recommendations of what you should change. Please note that these are my personal recommendations.

Open the configuration menu by going to the menu icon -> preferences -> Raspberry Pi configuration. Please note the location of some menu items may change over time. You can also open up a similar menu in the terminal by entering the following command.

sudo raspi-config

raspberry pi configuration location

System

Firstly, you will want to expand the file system so it takes up the entire SD Card. Simply select this in the options and it will expand the file system. (You can find this option in the terminal by using sudo raspi-config)

Since the default password is raspberry and the default username is pi this makes it extremely easy for someone to access your Raspberry Pi. So you should change the default password for the user pi, this can easily be changed in the systems tab.

You can also change it in the terminal by using the following command.

passwd

If you installed the full version of Raspbian but want to login to the command interface rather than the gui then you can change this in the settings. You can start the interface by running the following line.

startx

You may also want to turn off auto login if you don’t want someone to simply turn on the pi and have access.

If you have black bars around your screen, then turn off underscan to get rid of them. If this doesn’t remove them then you may need to tinker with your monitor settings directly.
raspbian system settings

Interfaces

You can keep all these options off unless you know you will need them on. For example, if you’re going to be connecting to the Pi using SSH then make sure you switch SSH on.
raspbian interfaces

Performance

You can keep all the options in here as the defaults unless you have been instructed to change them for a certain tutorial.
raspbian performance

Localisation

You will probably need to change all the settings in this the localisation menu, simply set these to wherever you live. The most important one you will want to change is the keyboard, there is nothing worse than going to type and having the wrong symbols pop up.
raspbian localisation
You’re now able to start doing a Raspberry Pi project or using it just like you would use a normal computer. Its range of applications make it easy enough to do most typical computing tasks.

I hope that this tutorial has shown you how to install Raspbian and that you haven’t run into any issues. If you have some feedback, tips or have come across any issues that you would like to share then please don’t hesitate to leave a comment below.

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